Psoriasis — pictures, symptoms, treatment

This disease is expressed in the appearance on the skin red spots that constantly bother you, places rashes, itching, that interferes with normal life. Complications of possible occurrence cuidam arthritico joint pain.


The quality of life in people who have such problems, is reduced. And although the General condition is often not much worse; the usual way of life changes. This is a serious unaesthetic skin disease brings a lot of inconvenience, such as the inability to wear revealing clothes or saunas or beaches.

In some cases, psoriasis causes suffering comparable to that of major diseases such as heart failure, acute hypertension, or postinfarction state. The danger is increased itching because conpositis demere rapta places appear difficult sana wounds.

The complexity of this disease is that it is almost incurable. All that is offered by the pharmaceutical industry at the present time, gives a temporary result. And measures such as psychotherapy, vitamins and diet, to allow only a little to improve the condition.

The symptoms of psoriasis

  • The appearance of plaques in silver color;
  • Peeling of the affected areas;
  • Bleeding areas where the skin is coming off.

This is a classic sign of the disease, they can vary depending on the varieties of the disease. There are several type of psoriasis, characterized by flow intensity and combination of symptoms.


Irritation and redness can form on any area of the human body, but in most areas of the lesions are the elbows, hands, back, knees and feet. Additional symptoms of psoriasis may be:

  • The detachment of the nail plate;
  • The appearance of dimples on the nails;
  • Discoloration of the nail, a yellowish hue;
  • Pain in the joints;
  • Increased sensitivity of the skin;
  • Swelling.

Stage of development

The disease dermatologists conventionally divided into several stages. This is important because the disease often has a chronic character. Professionals have the opportunity to observe the course of the disease and to determine the correctness of the chosen method of treatment.

  1. The initial stage is characterized by recurrent exacerbation, which is reflected in the appearance and enlargement rashes. Psoriasis initial stages can be seen in the photo. The main evidence of progressive disease – the appearance of scaly plaques of red color free of flakes rim. And the redness spreads rapidly, scales do not have time to cover the entire surface of inflammation.
  2. A progressing stage. During this period, still be a new rash, papules grow ibi. Originally appeared the elements are sloughed off. There is a positive isomorphic reaction when on the affected areas of the skin the formation of new papules.
  3. Stationary phase. At this stage the rash becomes less, cease to be a new plaque, available papules do not grow. All lesions covered with scales, and redness around the rims of the plaques are missing.
  4. Regression is the most important stage of treatment of psoriasis, it shows that the worsening of the disease behind, the treatment effectively and gave a positive result. The main task of this phase is to prevent re-aggravation. On regressus stage plaques are almost invisible, the peeling stops, at places of lesions formed whitish or brownish stains.

The division of disease stage depends on the activity of the inflammatory process. In the based on clinical manifestations of the disease, the redder and more pimples the more actively there is a process. Activity of psoriasis visible on the photo.

Causes of psoriasis

Many people wonder psoriasis is contagious or not? To get started is to understand the causes of psoriasis. They cannot be infected by contact through shared towels, hygiene items or a handshake. Most often the disease occurs in young people aged 18-25 years.

The main factors contributing to the development of the disease, are:
  • Genetic predisposition. The disease can develop in first degree relatives;
  • Common cause – stress, emotional tension, severe emotional distress;
  • Possible cause – disease of the endocrine system;
  • Violation of metabolism, in particular, the lack of silicon in the human body, vitamin deficiency;
  • Intestinal diseases and viruses.

It should be noted that immune imbalance in the body triggers the appearance of the rash. This is the state when cells show aggression to the tissues, is reflected on the skin. There is a direct relationship between the development of the disease and condition of the intestines.

People who have intestinal parasitic infection, are more susceptible to skin diseases. The agents of enteric disease with long-term existence in the blood, throw away the toxins that trigger an immune imbalance. The result is a psoriasis.

Methods of treatment of psoriasis

Many experts believe that this disease is virtually incurable. A clear scheme for the treatment of psoriasis does not exist, each case is considered individually. Because psoriasis is a phenomenon little studied, the main cause of its occurrence is considered to be emotional overload, and immune disorders.

The most surprising is that psoriasis can suddenly disappear or appear. The logical explanation of this surprise medicine can not provide. How to treat psoriasis?

The first is to understand that the treatment should be complex. First, the patient is assigned drugs topical application. If no result, then connects to the medication.

Be sure the complex includes:
  1. Compliance with the order of the day.
  2. A special hypoallergenic diet.
  3. Mental attitude, getting rid of emotional and physical stress.

Non-steroidal drugs to reduce inflammation are prescribed for problems with the joints in their composition has an active substance ibuprofen, which relieves pain. When more serious violations are special puncture of joints.

Certain forms of psoriasis are treated with paraffin applications, exposures. Of inflammation on the progressive stage of the disease also apply ointment, in the presence of infection prescribers containing antibiotics.


Good results show the treatment with laser phototherapy, cryotherapy. Psoriasis on the head is treated with the use of humilis-interest of the sulfur-salicylic compounds. After the transition of the disease in stationary phase applies the ointment of psoriasis keratolytic effect .

Diet for psoriasis

Psoriasis treatment is always made on an individual basis, but in any case it is necessary to establish proper nutrition and cleanse the body of toxins that provoke the development of disease. Correct diet and body detox – the key to successful treatment.

When composing a diet special attention should be paid to foods containing sufficient vitamins and minerals. For effective treatment the body needs to do the following substances:

  1. Preparations containing silicon. This mineral is a sorbent, which removes all antigenic complexes from the body through the intestines. On the other hand, it is involved in the improvement of the skin structure, which is important in this disease.
  2. Vitamin D and calcium. The fact that calcium is absorbed only with vitamin d Complex participates in the stabilization of cell membranes. Drugs are prescribed during the period of stabilization or remission.
  3. Fish oil. Inflammatory processes are always accompanied by cell death. To restore and maintain the immune system needs antioxidants. To restore balance, we recommend taking omega-3 acids contained in fish oil. It is a powerful aktioksidant, which helps to cope with psoriasis.
  4. Lecithin. Skin cells psoriasis to actively die, for the renewal of the skin requires building material — phospholipids, the source of which is the lecithin. It allows to quickly arrest the inflammation and restore the skin.

Universal diet that is indicated for psoriasis does not exist. Diet should be discussed with your doctor. But there are some General guidelines for menu planning. You should pay special attention to foods that are not recommended for use during treatment.

Is to abandon meals that cause Allergy or provoke the development of the disease. It is advisable to reduce salt intake, completely eliminate it is unlikely. It is necessary to remove from the diet of fried, salted, canned, smoked foods, foods containing preservatives, flavor enhancers, dyes.

The exceptions are sweets, confectionery, all fast carbs. Strictly forbidden to drink alcohol!

The diet should contain healthy food and drinks. Be sure to include in the menu fish, lean cuts of meat to cook preferably without fat, baked, boiled or stewed. You should regularly eat fresh fruits, excluding citrus and strawberries. Daily drink milk drinks, herbal.

Proper nutrition can help to quickly deal with such a nuisance as psoriasis.

Treatment at home

In addition to compliance with diet at home the person having the disease should adhere to the following rules:

  • Careful skin care. It needed more protection, avoid skin injury, as any abrasion and crack can become inflamed. This disease often occurs secondary to inflammation, which may lead to suppuration;
  • For the period of treatment should abandon the use of cosmetics, nails it is best to cut short, in psoriasis they also suffer and become brittle and flake;
  • It is not necessary to be under direct sunlight. You can sunbathe, but a short period. Prolonged exposure to sunlight can trigger a flare-up and injure the skin;
  • It is necessary to exclude the impact of stressors and to guide efforts to increase the immunity. It is recommended to take vitamin complexes, exercise, temper.


Psoriasis is a disease that is individual. Studies have shown that it is not transmitted from person to person. It should be understood that the self can not deal with, the disease is dangerous, improper treatment can trigger a variety of complications. It is not recommended during treatment to brush the damaged areas.

Preventive measures to prevent disease include the following:
  1. The rejection of bad habits. Smokers are more susceptible to occurrence of the disease than non-smokers. The cigarette smoke lowers the immune system and poisons the body, the difficult circulation of the blood, which provokes the appearance of plaques.
  2. The medication may trigger the disease, it is a side effect of beta-blockers and of drugs which includes lithium. Before their admission should consult with a specialist.
  3. Maintenance of immunity. To avoid infectious diseases in a timely manner to treat the common cold and other viral diseases. In certain cases it is advisable to take vitamin complexes.

To properly care for skin, keeping it in moist condition is important. This is necessary to control the normal level of humidity in the room, to abandon the use of air conditioners that dry the air. The body moisturized with lotions, creams and oils after showering.

Should carefully choose cosmetics, decorative cosmetics should be of good quality. For skin care it is advisable to use natural remedies. Harm the use of household chemicals, home work should be performed in gloves, as the chemicals can damage even healthy skin.

Water soothes and purifies the skin, water is an essential part of the prevention and treatment of psoriasis. In the warmer months you can apply pouring cool water, and in winter – to take herbal baths. Thus from the harsh washcloths and scrubs should be abandoned.

Clothes should choose natural materials, so it does not deterioratus the skin and breathable. Ideal – things made of cotton.


Prevention of psoriasis requires special attention to proper lifestyle and nutrition, as well as personal hygiene of the skin. If you implement the recommendations and to maintain your health, you can minimize the risk of psoriasis to reduce the severity of the disease.