Psoriasis is a skin infectious disease, which meets at least 1 out of 100 people, and 80% of the cases, reveals the defeat of the scalp. It is manifested in the form of education, red, platelets, or spots, between which is the visible skin intact. Inflammation can spread and join together. Why is it the psoriasis and how is it treated, we'll find out later.
Psoriasis in the head - it is an autoimmune disease. This conclusion by the doctors was done after that, in the course of studies in platelets have identified specific for the autoimmune disease changes, and drug therapy to suppress immunity drugs has allowed to greatly facilitate the general state. This disease is not transmitted from patient to a healthy person.
Psoriasis can strike anyone, however, the clinical experience allows you to highlight the main groups at risk. So, often, the disease affects women, and genetically inherited form of knowing in 15-25 years. Ill more than 50% of cases have relatives with psoriasis one form or the other. This means that the risk of facing a similar pathology higher than those whose parents, brothers or sisters are also a type of diagnosis. Psoriasis of the scalp, usually, it can affect the following areas:
As a general rule, so the psoriasis has wave nature of the current, that is, assumes alternating periods of improvement and exacerbation. With this in the affected areas appear red teardrop-shaped platelets with just the content, which is periodically sloughed off and cause itching. A similar inflammatory process does not lead to serious consequences for the health, but it becomes a cause of serious psychological problems. Very often occurs a vicious circle, when the psoriasis is the cause of the stress, and he, in turn, becomes the cause of complications, loss of the disease.
The disease itself does not cause hair loss, however, at the time alopecia can lead some methods of therapy, stress or damage to the skin. Usually, hair will grow back after the cleaning of the skin and the stabilization of the emotional state.
The doctors still do not know the exact causes that cause inflammatory reactions and excessive synthesis of skin cells on the body of the patient. At this time the main hypothesis is genetic. It is said that some people have a predisposition innate to accelerate the renewal of the keratinocytes (the main cells of the epidermis a person's skin). When the manifestation of psoriasis, such a trend causes a specific response of the immune system:
For a long time, genetic factors may remain in a latent state, but awake under the influence of unfavorable factors. These include:
Another popular hypothesis states that psoriasis develops due to metabolism disorders. In this case, the body specifically reacts to the stimuli, starting with the rapid division of the cells of the dermis. If it is normal, the skin renews itself for 3 weeks, in patients this happens for 5 days, carrying on the head appear numerous platelets. In this case, can result in a deterioration in factors:
In some cases, a pitcher of departure for the development of psoriasis can become a disease of the immune system, which can occur because of stress or have suffered from an infectious disease.
Revealed that the HIV-infected suffer from psoriasis in 3 times more, than healthy people.
Psoriasis develops gradually, and its possible to identify the different stages of the following processes:
In order to reduce the manifestations of psoriasis, it is necessary when the first eruptions of the skin on the head to consult a dermatologist, to pass the examination and start the treatment.
Psoriasis of the scalp of the child develops almost the same, as in adults, but more often, the disease makes you feel such symptoms:
In children of the youngest age group psoriasis often reminds us, the formation of diaper rash. The disease develops slowly and is difficult to treat.
The scalp psoriasis is classified according to two parameters - the shape and the phase of development. Depends on them how the disease. Each parameter considered separately.
The form of psoriasis is of two types:
The experts distinguish three phases of pathology:
If there are rashes on the scalp, it is necessary to consult a dermatologist. Can also be made with the consultation of a specialist for the treatment of hair (officia), and beautician, who will help you choose shampoos and other care products. The diagnosis of the disease plays an important role, the identification of a psoriasis triad composed of these phenomena, such as:
These symptoms enable a diagnosis already in the visual examination. When the doctor takes into account the data of anamnesis, including clarifying if the patient and their relatives who suffer from psoriasis. To confirm the diagnosis, your doctor may prescribe a biopsy (the material of the fence with of the affected areas) and the planting of flora for the elimination of fungal defeat. In the case of generalized psoriasis further rent in the common analysis of blood. When the intoxication of the body will show a high speed of erythrocyte sedimentation (ESR) and a high number of white blood cells.
The scalp psoriasis requires a customized treatment that helps to relieve the unpleasant symptoms, and, above all, to get a prolonged period of remission in any form of the disease. To this end, it is often assigned a complex therapy. Each component deserves special attention.
Aims to combat the inflammatory reactions in chronic, excess formation of de keratocytes, and as it is of pathological processes, which are the basis of the disease. In the context of a therapy, the doctor may prescribe the following medications:
The reception of these substances and corticosteroids is advisable in the case of heavy loss of psoriasis, and of considerable severity of the symptoms on the scalp. If the psoriasis is also difficult to add a infection, in the course of treatment are antibiotics.
In the context of a therapy, the doctor may also prescribe antidepressant medications. That is necessary in order to reduce and eliminate related psoriasis and psycho-emotional problems of depression, stress, increased anxiety and socialis phobia. In addition, these drugs can increase the resistance of the patient to the stress, reduce the frequency and severity of exacerbations of psoriasis on the background of nervous tension, improve sleep quality. Some drugs have effects antihistamine, and also help to relieve the itching.