Psoriasis (flake zoster) in today's world has become a problem of the mass of humanity. Because of his outward appearance of this disease continues to cause distrust on the part of healthy people, and imposes a significant imprint on the character and the desire for them to speak with the patients of psoriasis. Ignorant a person can easily confuse psoriasis with an infectious disease of the skin and the fear of contagion. Psoriasis is not an infection, but it is a dermatosis — disease of non-infectious nature. The manifestation of this dermatosis seen as a the appearance of skin rashes and peeling in the form of plates of different sizes. The age and sex of a person does not affect the development of psoriasis, a disease may be a person with the birth, and can appear suddenly. A higher percentage gets sick at a young age. Only 4% of the world population suffers from this disease. Psoriasis in Russia the percentage varies from 0.72% to 11.8% (depends on area).

The treatment of psoriasis deals with the dermatologist. If you suspect the same psoriasis necessarily refer to this specialist: will be held on diagnosis (perhaps you need a biopsy of the skin), will determine the form of the disease, and will treatment.


The causes of psoriasis

Psoriasis is associated with the violation of the cycle of division and maturation of cells of the skin. In this disease ipse atri death of the upper layers of the skin is faster than usual. There are several opinions from medical specialists about the causes of the development of psoriasis, and the research of this problem is still ongoing. Some are two types of this disease: the first is associated with immune disorders of the processes that are handed down, and is more frequent at a young age, and the second type is not associated with the inheritance and does not affect the skin, such as the first, and the nails and joints, and common in people of mature age.

Other researchers tend to believe that to the development of psoriasis have immune system disorders, caused by other diseases, stress, unsuitable climate and also the diet.

With certainty we can say that psoriasis is a disease non-infectious nature. Today it is considered to be autoimmune, hereditary mnogofaktorialnym disease.

The symptoms of psoriasis

The symptoms of psoriasis is bright and visible: it is an inflammation of the skin in the form of itching and peeling reddish spots (papules). Papules (dry areas, rising above the general level of the skin) blend together and form plaque. In Papularum occurs, the excess angiogenesis is formed in excess capillaries. For psoriasis is typical of accelerated cell division in the skin, which does not allow them to have time to mature and purple intercellular interaction. The immune system in response to these processes release defense cells, which in the end act against its own cells. In conclusion, the chronic form is an inflammatory process and formation in psoriatic scales. When exfoliation papules can be identified that is more dense than skin the base stearin stains and black pudding dew, which they also refer to the characteristics of psoriasis. A place for the diffusion of these spots more and more areas of the hairy scalp, the place of the folds of the skin and of the extensor (elbows, knees, armpits, the lower areas of the back, below the breasts, genitals, nails and joints.

Psoriasis divided into three types according to seasonal aggravations: winter (the most common), years, and indefinite.

Psoriatic patches can have different shapes and sizes (in a period of exacerbation can reach piazza comparable with the palm of the hand, and maybe more than that). The greatest torments patients leads itching that accompanies the precipitation. In the cases of progress psoriasis can observe the phenomenon of Kebnera, which is expressed in the formation of plaques in the places of lesions of the skin. In the field of platelets, may develop pus, and cause cracks. In cases when the psoriasis affects the nail plate, you can observe a deepening and stains on the nails, the plate can become thick and start to crumble. The symptoms of winter psoriasis weakened during the summer. And years of psoriasis, on the contrary, under the influence of the sun's rays intensifies. The progress of the psoriasis begins gradually and usually under the influence causing injury, disorders diet, after infectious diseases, stress, allergies to medications, pregnancy and other sudden changes in the life of the body.

Phase of psoriasis

In the development of psoriasis distinguish three phases:

  • progressive (marked by the appearance of new traits of a large number of small papules);
  • fixed (characterized by the absence of the birth of new skin rashes, and training already affected areas silver-white flakes);
  • retrogressive (characterized by a gradual resorption of the platelet count, normalization of the color of the skin and the reduction of the peeling).

As it is transmitted psoriasis is contagious?

In our article we have already talked about nature not infectious the psoriasis. This means that psoriasis is not contagious, and do not be afraid of contact and communication with the people there. The psoriasis has not transmitted nor kisses, neither through sexual contact nor through the blood. It also lacks contact-electrical household appliances via transmission of the disease, then you can safely take care of the sick psoriasis and using objects of common use. Even when it is touched directly to the system areas of the skin infection does not occur. From all this it can be concluded that the man sick of a psoriasis, it is not dangerous for healthy people, and that this disease must not exercise any influence on the attitude towards him on the part of the company.

On the transfer of the psoriasis affects inheritance — this disease is transmitted from parents to children. If you have psoriasis have one parent percentage of probability of psoriasis of the child, up to 30%, and in the case of illness of both parents — 75%. It follows that the disease can, and you would not see a child, even if both the parents suffering from psoriasis. But do not forget that the psoriasis is not until the end of the disease studied to date. In one way or another, children born to parents sick, sick of psoriasis most often born to healthy parents. In addition to genetic factors, the cause of the development of psoriasis, it is possible to search in the metabolic — enzymatic, lipid, amino acid metabolism and the presence of viruses and infections.

where there is psoriasis

Where is manifest the psoriasis?

The favourite places for psoriasis is considered to be the area of the flexors and extensors, the joints, the nails, the hair on the head, hands, feet and face. Here's where and how it manifests itself psoriasis.

Psoriasis of the nails. This disease is well studied, but the diagnosis is not always easy, especially in the presence of fungal diseases. Nail psoriasis can be a disease independent investigation of psoriasis vulgaris. The main symptoms of nail psoriasis accepted the change of color of the plates (the appearance of gray or yellow hue), the pectoral cross, thickening of the skin around the nails. The particular signs of nail psoriasis is the symptom of a thimble (the formation of holes on the plate of the nail, bruising under the nails and trahionihiya (deformation and flattening of the nail, the emergence of harshness and restraint plate). The treatment of nail psoriasis requires a constant care of the nails, removal of any lesions of the nails and manicure. To get a good result and the lack of remission should include the activities for the nail care in your daily routine.

Psoriasis extensor and flexor. For psoriasis of the skin in the area of the flexor muscles and of the extensors is characterized by the appearance of redness in areas of natural skin folds (elbow and knee folds, axillary depression, groin, genitals and breasts). A characteristic of this type of psoriasis is no peeling, but it looks a pain in the area of the rash. The causes of this pathology serves as a strong sweating, especially in combination with the fungal infections. Very often the psoriasis on the hands and feet frequently in the spring and autumn period.

Psoriasis of the scalp. Psoriasis in the head is a disease that is independent but can be combined with another type of psoriasis. The first sign is severe itching in the occipital area. The itching followed by an eruption of the skin, and as frequently, the individual eruptions of the skin. Rashes appear not only on the scalp, but also in the nearby areas of the skin. The skin behind the ear becomes moist and may be covered with cracks. Psoriasis scalp can be treated with success, but it takes time.

Psoriasis on the face. On the face the psoriasis does not encounter often. Has typical signs of forms of psoriasis of the skin. After papules on the face may remain scars. Psoriasis can act on the face because of a hereditary predisposition, long depressions, decreased immunity and injury.

The psoriasis vulgaris. This is the most common form of psoriasis. The signs of psoriasis vulgaris considered mild rash covered with silvery scales, which are usually symmetric and close to the abrasions or cuts.

Guttate psoriasis of the skin. As the title implies, this form is characterized by rashes in the form of drops. Rashes are of high position above the level of the skin and fragmentation. In most cases, the guttate psoriasis observed the girls after a staph infection.

Pustular psoriasis (exudative) the psoriasis. Precipitation in this form of psoriasis are similar to bubbles of small size with serous non-infected liquid inside. Blistering itching, but their hairdo a high risk of entry of infection. Pustular psoriasis difficult to treat, then it's not worth running.

The psoriatic arthritis. This form can affect not only the small joints but also the spinal column. As the symptoms is present the articular swelling, inflammation, and limitation of the articular mobility, the deformation of the joints, which can lead to disability.

The treatment of psoriasis

On the forum, and in life people often ask about how you can cure the psoriasis and if it is possible to get rid of it forever, the prices for the treatment of psoriasis and where is the treat? In Moscow the treatment of psoriasis, special attention is directed: there are the institute and specialized medical centers on this problem. Funds from the psoriasis can be purchased in pharmacies and hospitals in the city, or is available through online pharmacies, but first it is necessary to know the destination of the attending physician (treatment of psoriasis and treatment method chosen is not his own, but only a dermatologist). Let's look more, how to treat and cure psoriasis.

Have been developed new treatment techniques and drugs against psoriasis, so that in the near future, this disease may become completely curable. At this point, the psoriasis therapy focuses on the elimination of the inflammatory process, and the normalization differentsovki epithelial cells. The treatment of the disease built a dermatologist, on the basis of the breadth of skin lesions, stage of the disease, the age, the sex, the tolerability of the drugs, and the presence of current diseases. In the treatment of psoriasis use funds for local and systemic therapy. For the treatment external apply ointments, creams, and lotions. In the period of the progressive disease, prescribed, salicylic acid or hormonal ointment. In the systemic treatment using aromatic retinoids, Cyclosporine, Methotrexate, and NSAIDS. Used with success in the treatment of psoriasis techniques such as photochemotherapy (PUVA), phototherapy selective and climatotherapy. In an early stage of the disease they treat mainly of preventive health care. Methods of cryotherapy, Plasmapheresis, and uv rays are used by doctors with more severe forms of psoriasis.

The diet in psoriasis

Diet in psoriasis, it is of great importance in terms of overall efficiency of the treatment. In the body of the patient should make the food, to normalize the acidity level, without causing a weakening of the immune system. Let's look more, which foods you can eat in psoriasis, and that it's not worth. A teaspoon of honey a day will enrich the body with the necessary vitamins. Fruits and vegetables help to decongest the body while fish oil is an excellent source of vitamins of the group B. the ideal choice for breakfast or dinner will be pumpkin cereals, rich in mineral salts and vitamins. Olive oil is the only oil recommended for the patients suffering from psoriasis. A must food for psoriasis has becoming an oily fish, that strengthens, revitalizes the skin and eliminates irritation.

folk remedies

Remedies for psoriasis

In the treatment of psoriasis great fame have been folk remedies, but even for him it is worth to use only with the permission of your doctor. Traditional medicine offers for the treatment of psoriasis a variety of recipes allowed ointments, tinctures, and only useful recipes. Particularly effective folk medicine in the initial stages of psoriasis.

Juice of celandine — one of the most common folk remedies from psoriasis. The treatment of the juice of celandine takes place in the summer, in the period of beginning of flowering of the plants. For application on damaged skin and is used the fresh juice of celandine. To obtain an effective result of this procedure must continue every day for three summers in a row. From the root of celandine, you can prepare a tincture: 4 tablespoons of celandine 0.5 l of alcohol. The mixture of infusion a couple of hours, after which you can rub.

Ointment they also do 2 eggs, beaten vegetable oil, with the addition of vinegar helps well at the beginning of the disease. In the periods of exacerbation of psoriasis will help bath from walnut shells. To prepare a bath, you need a kilo of nuts. Their shell you need to pour boiling water, drain and add into the bath.

In psoriasis, apply infusion repeshko, ointments from the roots filipendulae, strawberry juice and blueberry and also of the scales of the fish. It is worth to pay attention to the monastic tea from psoriasis. Helps to treat psoriasis in the house. Clinical studies confirmed the healing properties of this drink. With A basis of tea are medicinal herbs. Monastic tea from psoriasis you can prepare at home: 1 teaspoon pour a glass of boiling water and insist 10 minutes. Eat before a meal for 3 weeks.