Psoriasis in the head

Psoriasis refers to the non-infectious dermatological diseases, chronic in the course of. The disease has a recurrent nature and manifests itself in the form of skin lesions.

The causes of the disease

Psoriasis in the head is not a significant risk to the health, but often results in the development of psychological complexes and also becomes the cause of social isolation due to appearance of patients: why is this part of the body that is always in mind and that is not attractive crust fails to hide from others. The disease can occur in people of any age, but is most common in young people.

The causes of the disease

The specific reasons of psoriasis scalp until finally not identified. Today, there are several theories as to its origin. In accordance with one of the most popular are two types of diseases:

  1. The first develops due to failure of the immune system hereditary character. This form is manifested mainly in 25 years.
  2. The symptoms of psoriasis of the second type occur in the age category average – about 37-40 years. This form is much more often affects the nail plate, the joints, much less the scalp.

Supporters of another theory argues that the disease may develop solely because of the irregularity of the functioning of the immune system because of exposure to different factors:

  • the stress;
  • the power supply;
  • of infectious diseases;
  • cold climate;
  • intake of alcoholic beverages.

Proverbial the fact that alcohol is worse during the psoriasis.

The severity of the disease also affects the use of some products: vinegar, chocolate, pepper. According to this theory psoriasis is considered a systemic disease. This means that because of serious irregularities in the functioning of the immune system in the pathological process to the scalp can spread to the internal organs or tissue, the result is the psoriatic arthritis.

The supporters of all the present theories agree on one thing: psoriasis – a multifactorial disease, and its development is due to many causes. The most frequent are:

  • the violation of metabolic processes;
  • endocrine disorders;
  • immunological shifts;
  • the presence of foci of inflammation in the body;
  • infectious diseases;
  • the hormonal change was that the relevant reason in the age of adolescence, during pregnancy and when it arrives the period of the menopause;
  • injuries that lead to the breaking of the cover of the skin of the head;
  • diseases of the DIGESTIVE system;
  • the nervous tension;
  • stress conditions;
  • prolonged exposure to the cold on the roof of the skin;
  • the toxic effects of the compounds;
  • intake of drugs;
  • bad habits.

The location of the lesions on the head

Psoriasis on the scalp is the most common form of the disease. Located in more than 60% of the cases. In the absence of treatment the condition often passes in more serious forms. Psoriatic lesions are localized mainly in the following areas:

  • the covering of the skin over the ears, behind them, the lobes of the ears;
  • the frontal area, the occipital part;
  • the posterior surface of the neck;
  • division scalp.

Forms of the disease

How is this bad disease, depends on a particular phase of the pathological process. Psoriasis takes place in two forms:

  • easy – its main manifestation is the appearance on the head of a small individual lesions, covered with thin flakes of small size;
  • heavy – psoriasis affects the scalp completely, the size scales much longer, and are much thicker compared to when you find the severity of the disease.

Phase

In the course of the disease distinguish several stages:

  1. Progressive, in which the elements appear in new and existing precipitation apply to the periphery (the so-called phenomenon Kebnera).
  2. Fixed during this phase is not observed the appearance of new elements in the pathological, however, old does not disappear.
  3. Regressive, where the symptoms of psoriasis head gradually disappear, and the precipitation replaced free of stains of pigment.

Depending on the season, the manifestations of the disease show the fall, between seasons and years to form.

The symptoms of psoriasis in head

Initial signs of psoriasis in the head is psoriatic rashes. At the beginning the rash manifests as papules color is pink and a curved shape from the top covered with small scales. A feature of these papules is the peripheral growth, which is accompanied by the formation of plaques.

  1. In an early stage of the disease do not experience clinical symptoms. Above all, patients do not have any complaints.
  2. The development of this pathology leads to the creation of an easy-peeling, which is accompanied by itching of the skin and irritation.
  3. The next phase is characterized connection of an inflammatory process, the intensification of itching and irritation.
  4. Combing of the skin becomes the cause of the appearance of small cracks, abrasions, wounds.
  5. Further progression of the pathological process that leads to the substitution of the peeling plates of large size, thickening and roughness of skin.
  6. A typical symptom of psoriasis is the desquamation of the epithelial cells on the scalp and dandruff.
  7. With the time scales increase in size, thicken, and begin to mention the white flakes.
  8. The dermis is covered with large scales and red platelets, a crescendo of itching. Combing the skin, and irritation when exposed to the comb damage, lead to a worsening of the process and the further progression of the disease.
  9. There is a significant reduction of elasticity in the skin, in the end it is easily damaged.
  10. The further progression of the psoriasis is manifested more symptoms: active exfoliate formed on the head of the bumps and of platelets and ends with the arrival of scales greyish, which gradually cover the entire coverage of the skin under the hair.
  11. The lack of treatment leads to the spread of the process to the line of growth of hair.

The treatment of the disease

With the intent to treat psoriasis on the scalp apply a complex of activities, which includes:

  • total therapy;
  • treatment local;
  • physiotherapy;
  • the thermal treatment.

General medicine

The essence of the common drug for the treatment of psoriasis scalp is that of the appointment of the following medications:

General medicine
  • sedatives;
  • antihistamine;
  • funds and immunotherapy non-specific: pirogenala, ATP, aloe, etc;
  • vitamin complexes;
  • immunomodulatory;
  • aromatic retinoids;
  • cytostatic;
  • corticosteroids;
  • solution gemodeza intravenous drip administration;
  • carbonate of autologous blood.

Enable in the course of treatment corticosteroid medicines and cytotoxic drugs is desirable in the case of severe psoriasis, and of considerable severity of the symptoms on the scalp. Apply very slowly, these funds may result in a worsening of the disease.

Cure psoriasis with antibiotics only in the case of accession to the infectious defeat of the scalp.

Medicines and remedies for the local treatment of

Drugs

Drugs for the local treatment of the manifestations of psoriasis used

  • agens ointments;
  • glucocorticoid masi — prescribed only when a serious disease.

An effective means of local treatment is a drug composed of acids. It is available in the form of a solution, that you should treat the affected areas of the scalp.

Mind-altering drugs

To cure itself the psoriasis on the head with the help of this group of drugs, of course, impossible. Psychotropic drug use with the aim of:

  • reduce or eliminate related illness depression, increased anxiety, and social phobia;
  • improve the stability of the patient to the stress;
  • reduce the frequency and severity of exacerbations of the disease on the background of nervous tension;
  • improve the quality of sleep;
  • reduction of itch (refers to the medications, with more effects antihistamine).

In psoriasis, use the following tools:

  • antidepressants;
  • anxiolytics;
  • normotimiki;
  • the antipsychotics.

The use of these drugs for the treatment of psoriasis is associated with a risk of an aggravation of the disease, including a high probability of development of states, that has not stopped the traditional medicines against psoriasis. In particular, with regard to the serotonergic antidepressant. Antipsychotics often cause an increase in the amount of growth hormone and prolactin in the blood, and this leads to greater severity of symptoms of psoriasis.

Shampoo

If it is possible to cure psoriasis on the head with the help of shampoo? Usually use also a very effective shampoo is not enough. However, the application of special medicinal products in the integrated therapy is essential to the success of the treatment.

On the scalp the psoriasis can be treated in the following types of shampoo:

  • tar;
  • shampoo with ketoconazole;
  • children.

Physiotherapy and other procedures

For the treatment of psoriasis in head spend on the following activities:

  • PUVA-therapy;
  • the exposure to uv rays;
  • hydrotherapy;
  • radiation erbium laser;
  • hemosorption;
  • the plasmapheresis.

Advice of folk medicine

Advice of folk medicine

How to cure psoriasis in the head, using the popular recipes? As stand-alone funds are not effective enough. But the application of home recipes for the treatment of manifestations of psoriasis on the scalp is quite effective.

Recipe 1

300 grams of herb celandine mince, the resulting mass squeeze the juice. Add 30 ml of dry red wine. Moisten the affected skin to the head with this mixture. Leave for at least 15 minutes, then wash off.

Recipe 2

Lubricate the skin head alcohol infusion of celandine. For its preparation a quarter of a cup of dry grass, pour ½ liter of alcohol and leave for a couple of hours. This is a folk remedy for psoriasis has a strong effect and can cause irritation of the skin. When you receive the discomfort should wash the neutral means and wash your hair with chamomile extract.

Recipe 3

Tincture, prepared on the basis of young people's baskets sunflower, has a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect and prevents the proliferation of bacteria. The following is recommended by popular medicine for the treatment of psoriasis, followed by a defeat stages the scalp the scalp.

Two baskets sunflower I have to wash, chop finely and pour approximately 100 ml of white wine. Close the lid of the bowl and leave for 48 hours, then squeeze the juice. You have to use it as a compress. It is also recommended to only lubricate the skin, sunflower dye.

Recipe for 4

Mix light vaseline or grease (300 g) with two proteins of the eggs, add a tablespoon of lime honey and a tablespoon of shredded powder grass celandine. Lubricate received ointment on the affected skin.

Recipe 5

Psoriasis on the head can be cured using home-stems of rosa canina. Dead branches need to burn to collect the ash in a clean bowl, mix with the same number of vaseline and use as an ointment. Usually, when the newspaper, the effect appears after a week. Because it is a tool that leads to rapid contamination of the hair, it is recommended each day to wash the soap or special shampoos medicated.

Recipe 6

Treatment with folk remedies also suggests the use of infusions and decoctions for internal reception.

One of the effective recipes psoriasis in head — to- infusion of elderberry. His need to use 1/2 cup (best after meals — after about an hour). Need a tool as follows: pour a tablespoon of elder flowers in 450 ml of boiling water, an hour and a half.

Recipe 7

It is simply an effective tool for the treatment of psoriasis scalp is the following recommended by popular medicine collection:

  • the root of elecampane;
  • the flowers of black elder;
  • the leaves of blueberries;
  • horsetail (herb);
  • the root of the calamus;
  • st. john's wort;
  • the celandine.

All the components are mixed in equal proportions. Spoon mixture produced 250 ml of water. Need to take ½ cup.

Recipe 8

Mix a tablespoon of honey with the egg white and a small amount of baby shampoo. Apply on affected area, leave for a quarter-hour, rinse it.

Prevention

Preventive measures to prevent the recurrence of the disease in psoriasis include:

  • the respect of the rules of personal hygiene.
  • stop smoking;
  • the exception of alcoholic beverages;
  • notice of stressful situations;
  • rationing mode of work and rest;
  • the intake of vitamins;
  • the observance of a special diet.

The diet in psoriasis has a very important meaning. You need to:

  • limit the amount of fats, carbohydrates, sugars;
  • leave the roast;
  • exclude spicy, spices, pickles, preserves, condiments – everything that he has on the mucosa of the stomach and intestine irritant and causes clogging of the body.
22.08.2018