Causes and symptoms of psoriasis: forewarned is forearmed!

psoriasis on the hands

People who suffer from psoriasis, many in the world — according to the most optimistic estimates — more than 3% of the entire population of the planet. Psoriasis is a disease that manifests itself with the appearance of rashes in the form of pink platelets and flakes of silver color, often accompanied by itching. However, this is only the tip of the iceberg. At the base of the disease are in the end of the studied processes.

Psoriasis — the mysterious enemy

In psoriasis, the skin cells begin to divide into 6-10 times faster than it should. This leads to chronic inflammation of the skin and desquamation.

Scientists have studied psoriasis in the course of many decades, however, the answer to the question: why is it the psoriasis? — the contemporary science is not there yet. This disease is not contagious but can be inherited. Acute can cause a variety of internal and external factors: stress, skin injury, application of certain medications (often antibiotics), alcohol abuse, infectious diseases (caused by streptococcus, viruses), etc.

The manifestations of psoriasis are manifold: the surface of the defeat can be dry or weep, it can be hit various parts of the body. In some patients the knees and elbows, the palms and soles, the third — largest folds of the skin or the mucous membranes or the nail plate. Sometimes psoriasis affects a large area of the body, sometimes it is localized only in limited areas and does not extend further.

Without exaggeration, we can say that psoriasis is one of the most mysterious diseases. Scientists have already found out, what exactly is going on in the body of the patient of psoriasis and how to alleviate his condition, but it is clear that it is the cause of these pathological changes and how you can prevent.

An interesting fact Winston Churchill throughout his life, he struggled with psoriasis and has promised to install the monument of the golden doctor, who will solve the enigma of this disease and find effective treatment. Alas, the prize has found its owner.

Why is it psoriasis?

The precise reasons science does not know, however, for the years of study of the problem was formed a couple of hypotheses:

  • Autoimmune theory.
  • All in a greater concentration of T lymphocytes, which results in a constant inflammation of the affected area of the skin. The body begins to perceive their skin in the role of aggressor.
  • Hereditary theory,
  • that explains the psoriasis is a defect in the DNA.
  • Endocrine theory,
  • according to the psoriasis occurs because of irregularities in the functioning of the endocrine system, particularly the pituitary and thyroid.
  • The exchange theory.
  • Scientists have discovered that in patients with psoriasis there are problems with accumulationis lipidorum and nitrogen exchange, but also a high content of toxins in the body.

All these theories have a right to exist, but so far none of them is not shown fully. Therefore, the current treatment of psoriasis is aimed at reducing the severity of symptoms, the reduction of the disease relapses and the general improvement of the body.

By the way Symptoms similar to signs of psoriasis, told the story again in romans treated doctors. However, in those days, the psoriasis is often confused with other diseases of the skin completely different origin. For the first time, psoriasis has been recognized as car-sickness only in 1799, and in the late 19th century, physicians have shown his piece non-infectious nature.

Who is the disease?

Psoriasis does not distinguish between the sexes — that, just as often, they get sick of men and women. Usually the psoriasis manifests itself at a young age — to-peak about 15-25 years. However, if you have not had the psoriasis in his youth, this does not mean that the danger has passed — sometimes the first manifestation of psoriasis, appears to the age of about 50-60 years. The good news is only in the fact that the people affected by psoriasis in old age, the disease is less pronounced.

If one of the parents suffers from psoriasis, the risk of illness of a child is about 25%, and if both — 60%. However, the psoriasis suffer, and children of parents who never with this annoyance have met.

According to the statistics most often psoriasis affects people with thin, lightweight, dry skin.

The first symptoms of the disease

Psoriasis begins discreetly: in the first phase of development the disease affects the small areas of the skin, usually in correspondence of the extremities, scalp and along the hairline. Sometimes the first manifestations of psoriasis occur on the spot of constant mechanical irritation of the skin, in a few words, where clothing crushes, and kneads. The first person will feel itching and feeling of tension of the skin, then there are small towering islands reddened, scaly skin. On these points occur, the grey dead skin flakes of skin, similar to the wax chips, which are easily separable. Sometimes these platelets become wet on their surface are formed, the scales of the laminar-skin a yellowish colour. When you delete the last exposed cry, open the surface. Gradually the platelets grow and merge with one another, which affects all the large areas of skin.

Signs of psoriasis different types of

There are different types of psoriasis:

Seborrheic, psoriasis. Most often occurs on the scalp. It manifests with itching and peeling, and extends over an area behind the ears and in the skin along the hairline.

Exudative psoriasis. With this type of psoriasis affected skin not only flake, but and wet, and on the surface of the papules (nodules from the skin eruptions) appear yellowish crust.

Intertriginoznoy psoriasis. Most is specific to children. With this type of psoriasis plaques bright red color, with a slight peeling (can be absent). Sometimes the plates wet. Parents often confused with this type of psoriasis with intertriginös.

Plantar psoriasis. Occurs on the soles and palms. Is manifested by a thickening of the skin, dry, chapped.

Cure psoriasis manifests itself in large plates, which do not spend much time, sometimes occur neoplasms — warts and papilloma virus.

Rupioidny psoriasis — one of the forms of the long psoriasis. Platelets appear to peel, and gradually the plate taking on more and more the shape of a cone.

Guttate psoriasis is characterized by abundant eruption, composed of many small papules.

Psoriasis of the nail plates (psoriatic onychite) causes the deformation of the nail, the appearance of yellow-brown stains under them. Common type of psoriasis, which occurs in 25% of patients affected by this disease.

Psoriasis of the mucous membranes affecting the mouth cavity and results in the appearance of the papules on the mucous membranes.

The frequency of psoriatic manifestations

For psoriasis, continuous cycle. In an advanced stage appear itching platelets or the surface of the skin, which gradually merge into one spot. After 1-4 weeks, the process of distribution of the platelets is stopped, are covered with silvery scales. This is the so-called stationary phase. Followed by stage regressive, when the platelets gradually disappear. But don't be fooled — this does not mean that there has been a revival. If psoriasis is not treated, it's always the same story, and after a while the stage will begin to change to the other continuously, and aggravation will be almost monthly.

Cure psoriasis can and you must. If time does not take measures, psoriasis quickly enter into the chronic phase, and to get rid of it, it will be extremely difficult. For the treatment of psoriasis today, apply the methods of medicine, physiotherapy, and also the local media for external use — ointments and creams from psoriasis, the effectiveness of which is quite high.

Note, however, that before starting to use any means from psoriasis, you must consult your doctor. As a minimum, because a layman can't make a diagnosis from only.

What is important to know the treatment of psoriasis?

In the early stages of development of psoriasis the main role belongs to special external equipment, which slow down the process of cell division, relieve inflammation, protect damaged skin from infection and soothe the itching. Particularly effective remedies based on pyrithione zinc, which is also called the target of zinc. This substance has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial activity and antifungal, it reduces the release of histamine, and significantly reduces the itching and helps restore the mantle of the skin, restoring its barrier function, and reducing the sensitivity to aggressive agents environmental. The real result of modern pharmacology.