The symptoms and the first signs of psoriasis: how to determine psoriasis

The disease is characterized by alternating periods of exacerbation with periods of remission. The disease is considered contagious and does not wear nature infectious. It manifests itself in people of any age.

the signs of psoriasis

As a start the psoriasis? The beginning of the disease is characterized by the appearance of papules. It is peeling, tight nodules of pink color, towering above the skin. We consider the first signs of psoriasis:

  • The appearance on the skin discreet skin rashes;
  • The individual elements begin to coalesce into psoriatic-plate with whitish scales;
  • Occurs the rapid spread of skin rashes on a particular area of the skin.

The causes

The main reason for the manifestation of the pathology is an abnormal reaction of the body to exposure to external stimuli, leading to the upper layers of the skin die quickly on some parts of the body. In a healthy person the cycle of division and maturation of the cells is about 28 days, the patient has psoriasis — approximately 5 days.

There are several theories about the onset of the disease:

  • disorders of the immune system;
  • a hereditary disease;
  • caused infectious diseases;
  • an unbalanced diet;
  • adverse climatic conditions;
  • the abuse of alcohol;
  • the constant stress;
  • HIV;
  • the dermis is often exposed to injury.

The first signs of psoriasis localization

In psoriasis symptoms appear on the body in the following locations:

  • the scalp;
  • elbows;
  • knees;
  • loins;
  • tibia;
  • the folds in the groin area.

Without the proper treatment the lesions can involve the mucous membranes, the nails and joints.

The symptoms of the disease of the scalp characterized by the appearance of plaques, which are covered with scales that resemble dandruff. The epidermis in the head carpet large red scaly plate. The itching increases. The damage of the skin comb aggravates the process, favoring the progression of the disease. The elasticity of the epidermis is reduced, and is wounded. Bumps on the head actively flakes. The disease affects the hair. In the absence of treatment scalp process can spread on the area of the neck and behind the ears.

On the palms of the hands and feet of the horny layer coverage increases, more coarse, it is covered with cracks. The reason — the rapid division of the cells.

On the nails the disease is manifested in two ways: the nail is covered with small holes, signs that remind us of toenail fungus, in this manner, and it attenuates the color of the nails. The nail plate begins to grow and flake off. Through it there are various psoriatic papules, surrounded by a circle of reddish, similar to a wildfire. Starting from the edge of the nail, the changes should be to the root. Beneath the plate accumulate in the cells of the skin.

You can not just put diagnosis! For accurate diagnosis it is necessary to perform the microscopic examination of flakes, with the help of x-rays to examine the joints, to make the analysis of the blood. If losses heavy, do a tissue biopsy.

Some patients notice that the periods of acute fall in the winter or end of autumn, then the symptoms will vary depending on the phase and season:

  • The initial and progressive phase. New elements are formed continuously is fixed to the strong growth in existing events. There is clearly a strong scaling, itching,.
  • Fixed. Papules stop growing, new skin rash is not manifested. On the top layer of the epidermis appear small folds.
  • Regressive. Peeling passes, the platelets disappear. On the place of their manifestations remain areas with an increase of pigmentation.

Tissues affected by a disease, they become very susceptible to infections. The disease affects the nerve endings.

The symptoms of psoriasis in children

How to determine the psoriasis in the pediatric age group? The first signs of infants and children are not typical. Can easily be confused with candidiasis.

Skin rashes appear in places that are not specific for pathology: on the face, genital mucosal, folds. Very often appears on the head or on the areas, which are subjected to friction. They occur suddenly, quickly covering the body, the face and other areas. The course of disease in children, long-lasting, resistant. Within the age of points of bleeding is weak. There is an increase and sealing of a lymph node.

The fixed-phase growth events, stops, flattens the infiltration, it reduces the flaking. In phase regressive elements dissolve. The lymph nodes soften and reduce.

The symptoms of psoriasis in men and women

In general, the beginning of a clinical picture does not vary according to sex. In the initial phase, evident symptoms usually doesn't happen. As the disease appears easy peeling, accompanied by itching and irritation. It combines the inflammatory process, itching and irritation are amplified. After combing cracks, abrasions, wounds. Then the spots become larger, the thicken, the skin coarse. Them identify different areas of the body. Papules pretty quickly covered with silvery scales, increase in size, become platelets. Form bags with jagged edges (to arc or ring-shaped).

Men carry the disease more difficult.The symptoms of psoriasis in men characterized by a more serious one, as well as the representatives of the male gender often ignore the first signs of the launch of a disease. The disease can affect the sexual organs. It is extremely unpleasant form of the disease, which is accompanied by constant discomfort and itching. Often scaly ringworm affects the head of the penis. Redness on the sexual organ is not difficult confused with other diseases.

In women, the signs and symptoms of psoriasis often occur in the period of the menstrual cycle. Also the first menstruation sometimes causes the appearance of a disease of the girls. Pathology of the genitals can be very alarming the woman, deliver the physical and psychological discomfort.

In adults, men and women, it is often possible to find pustular psoriasis, which is not typical for small children. Small appear grouped pustules. The inflammation increases, they fuse together, forming a noisome and grievous sore upon the earth. Under the skin you can see the eroded surface. Accompanied by headache, arthralgia, nausea.

Signs arthropathic psoriasis

the treatment of psoriasis

This type of disease affects the joints, he most often affects men. Diagnose the disease more difficult. May be asymptomatic, but the joints occur irreversible changes.

The symptoms of arthropathic psoriasis:

  • There is pain in the joints;
  • On the hands, feet form skin rashes that I itch;
  • The joints become deformed;
  • The swelling and inflammation in hurt;
  • In the morning you look at the stiffness of the movements;
  • The pain in the area of the spine.

The symptoms resemble the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, but there are distinctive characteristics:

  • It affects more the joints between the fingers, the skin is covered with redness;
  • In addition to the fingers can be affected more than other joints, but not at the same time;
  • Often the inflammation can be seen on the big finger of the foot;
  • The disease is accompanied by pain to the heel;
  • The process in question, the joints the intervertebral;
  • With the wound on the skin appear on the skin rash;
  • The disease limits the movement;
  • The disease can be asymptomatic.

When the appearance of the signs above, it is urgently necessary to consult a dermatologist and the rheumatologist.

The signs of psoriasis

This is a rare form of the disease. The patient is the rash on the entire surface of the body, which causes a strong itching and it spreads quickly.

The symptoms of psoriasis:

  • Coverage over most of the body is red in color;
  • The skin flakes;
  • Appear pustules, and vesicles;
  • Accelerates the heart rate;
  • The body temperature varies;
  • There are strong swelling, pain in the joints;
  • Chills, fever.

The complications are characterized by swelling and severe infection, which can pour in pneumonia and sepsis, chronic heart failure. All of these complications to the psoriasis often lead to death.

The prevention of the disease

Complete therapy will not save the patient of psoriasis from further worsening. The measures necessary for the prevention of diseases:

  • To avoid disorders of the nervous system must comply with the mode of work, relaxation, daily routine, between long walks in the open air, sports activities;
  • Promptly treat inflammatory diseases, especially tonsillitis, otitis, dental caries and other diseases;
  • Must give up the professional activity is connected with the constant trauma cover, the neuro-psychiatric of congestion (in most of the cases of aggravation causing stress);
  • Renounce alcoholic beverages. In the alcoholics a couple of times to record the psoriasis;
  • Treat in a timely manner with viral diseases;
  • Eat properly (from the diet are necessarily excluded products that most often cause allergies: chocolate, honey, nuts, and other).