Psoriasis, the causes of which designed is not enough, until today remains a mystery to scientists all over the world. The disease can develop suddenly, regardless of the age and sex of the patient.
Recently, he celebrated the primary development of psoriasis among children and women, without any the causes. In rare cases, the disease can pass it alone, but, usually, to obtain long-term remission requires a specific treatment, and the desire to heal from the part of the patient.
Among the doctors and scientists there are several theories of the development of the disease:
HEREDITARY. The genetic path of transmission of the disease is CONSIDERED to be the MOST COMMON, as well as for the observation of doctors in every second case of three detected the presence of psoriasis in the story. When you connect triggers, the first symptoms of the disease appear inevitably. Usually, when you inherit notice the relation with the floor children (the disease usually develops between persons of the same sex relatives).
The IMMUNE system. The immune theory of the development of the disease is considered to be its founding principal. Immune components are present in almost every inflammation immune character, which in some cases relieves the symptoms of the disease.
However, in spite of a sufficient number of studies on the immune theory of psoriasis, the triggers for his presence (the mechanisms) has not been fully clarified. Therefore, the preventive measures for the development of the disease involve, in the first place, the strengthening of the immune system (particularly in women, elderly patients and children) and protection of the skin (including in the head) disease of an infectious nature. Is the immune theory shows the more severe complications: psoriatic arthritis (explains the causes of psoriasis on the elbows, knees, and hands), and in some cases — the defeat of the spinal column.
НЕЙРОГЕННАЯ. According to the theory of psychosomatic medicine, the disease can be caused interruptions in the functioning of the nervous system, because of the strong stress. In other words, the mental state of the patient is directly reflected on the health condition of the patient, and may occur psoriatica events on the arms, head, legs, etc Also, a factor that confirms the development of the disease on the background of psychosomatic medicine, is the positive effect of the sedatives, which once again points to the causes of spiritual psoriasis.
EXCHANGE. The studies do not exclude the development of the disease in relation to the violation of metabolic processes. As a general rule, most of patients is observed, the onset of hypothermia, which indicates a slowing down of metabolic processes. In addition to the violation of lipid metabolism indicates a high level of cholesterol in the blood, and the weakening of the immune system is confirmed a drop of vitamins (A, A), as well as the copper, iron and zinc, observed in 2/3 of all patients.
In any case, 4 is celebrated on the diabetes mellitus, indicates the violation of the metabolism of carbohydrates and the metabolic nature of the disease develop to confirm the malfunction of the thyroid, pancreas and sexual glands, in spite of the therapy.
ALLERGIC. The supporters of this theory believe that psoriatica events occur because of allergies. Confirmation of this is the fact that this disease, as well as the allergy, it does not refer to contagious, and it manifests itself strongly itchy rashes on the skin pokrov. This is because psoriasis often prescribed antihistamines. In addition to this, there is a similar symptoms in non-allergic and psoriatic arthritis.
HORMONE replacement. This hypothesis is related to hormonal disorders that occur in the body (during menopause, puberty, pregnancy, etc.). However, this trend did not become popular, as well as the majority of patients with psoriasis developed during hormonal "peace of mind".
INFECTIOUS. Such a theory, the risk of disease is one of the most common. When this reason, events psoriatica symptomatology bundle with different pathogens (spirochetes, streptococci, etc.). However, neither the microorganisms nor the fungi during the course of experiences that have not manifested themselves as of superior quality. Some scholars believe that the development of acute infectious disease can influence the course of dermatoses as a result of a weakening of the immune system protection (reversible and irreversible). However, despite numerous studies, the infectious disease theory has not been confirmed.
VIRAL. The viral nature of the onset of the disease has a large number of adherents. However, on the basis of investigations of the viral theory is not confirmed as the main, as it was never observed transmission of the disease from the sick to the healthy person, in spite of the fact that they were made hundreds of the blood transfusions to sick patients.
As A result of numerous studies of the causes of psoriasis, doctors have discovered that there are more causing disease conditions. Causes psoriatica events can be both internal and external factors.
The most frequent causes triggering the disease:
Primary symptoms of psoriasis can appear at any age, but its development in children occur most serious consequences and complications. Adult psoriasis is dangerous, with serious concomitant diseases.
On the basis of the results of the study of the disease in the relatives of several generations, the conduct of research biochemistry in patients with related links, including in good health, has discovered that in the development of psoriasis in children play a CRITICAL ROLE GENETIC FACTOR of predisposition to the disease.
If one of parents is sick of psoriasis, then the probability of birthday for children with psoriasis is 25%. If they are sick both parents, the risk of having a child with the psoriasis is about 75%. Interesting is the fact that most often the psoriasis is transmitted by the maternal line. Hereditary psoriasis (family) for the observation of scientists is 15 to 47% of the cases of all the diseases the psoriasis in children. However, despite the in-depth study of the theory of genetic onset of the disease, its causes, of the child and the adult patient has not been fully clarified.
Children in preschool and school-age children the causes of psoriasis can be a strong psycho-emotional tension, nervousness, etc. a Certain regularity, thanks to which it would be possible to identify a cause of the disease psoriasis in adolescents and children, there is.
Many scientists and physicians tend to be multifactorial theory of the development of the disease, which unites over inheritance are still a number of other factors.
In psoriasis one observes an atypical reaction to any stimulus. For psoriasis is characterized by the appearance of itchy plaques of various sizes. In accordance with the skin cells mature over the course of 3 weeks, but with the psoriasis is dry after 5 days, which leads to severe itching, on the head or on the palms of the hands. To relieve acute symptoms, it is assigned an appropriate treatment.
To the more characteristic symptoms of psoriasis are:
It is important to note that the symptomatology of acute at certain times of the year. There are 3 types of psoriasis depending on the seasons (winter, summer and permanent employment). Patients with years type of psoriasis stress the sudden aggravation, where you need more of a long-term treatment. The winter type is characterized by the fact that the symptoms of psoriasis is manifested weakly and assigned the most effective therapy. When an indeterminate type of psoriatica symptoms can occur at any time of the year and characterized by frequent relapses.
Despite the fact that the causes of psoriasis are not fully understood, to date, there are more effective methods which is conducive to achieving a prolonged remission:
In addition, the positive effect observed in the treatment of salts and mud from the Dead sea, that neutralize the symptoms of psoriasis on the head.
To prevent the occurrence of the disease is necessary to the respect of measures of prevention, include:
Psoriasis is a multifactorial disease, and its causes are multiple, then a positive result can be achieved if you start early treatment with the respect of all the recommendations of a dermatologist. This approach is able to provide long-term remission and prevention of possible complications.