The causes of psoriasis

Psoriasis, the causes of which designed is not enough, until today remains a mystery to scientists all over the world. The disease can develop suddenly, regardless of the age and sex of the patient.

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Recently, he celebrated the primary development of psoriasis among children and women, without any the causes. In rare cases, the disease can pass it alone, but, usually, to obtain long-term remission requires a specific treatment, and the desire to heal from the part of the patient.

The theory of the onset of psoriasis

Among the doctors and scientists there are several theories of the development of the disease:

HEREDITARY. The genetic path of transmission of the disease is CONSIDERED to be the MOST COMMON, as well as for the observation of doctors in every second case of three detected the presence of psoriasis in the story. When you connect triggers, the first symptoms of the disease appear inevitably. Usually, when you inherit notice the relation with the floor children (the disease usually develops between persons of the same sex relatives).

The IMMUNE system. The immune theory of the development of the disease is considered to be its founding principal. Immune components are present in almost every inflammation immune character, which in some cases relieves the symptoms of the disease.

However, in spite of a sufficient number of studies on the immune theory of psoriasis, the triggers for his presence (the mechanisms) has not been fully clarified. Therefore, the preventive measures for the development of the disease involve, in the first place, the strengthening of the immune system (particularly in women, elderly patients and children) and protection of the skin (including in the head) disease of an infectious nature. Is the immune theory shows the more severe complications: psoriatic arthritis (explains the causes of psoriasis on the elbows, knees, and hands), and in some cases — the defeat of the spinal column.

НЕЙРОГЕННАЯ. According to the theory of psychosomatic medicine, the disease can be caused interruptions in the functioning of the nervous system, because of the strong stress. In other words, the mental state of the patient is directly reflected on the health condition of the patient, and may occur psoriatica events on the arms, head, legs, etc Also, a factor that confirms the development of the disease on the background of psychosomatic medicine, is the positive effect of the sedatives, which once again points to the causes of spiritual psoriasis.

EXCHANGE. The studies do not exclude the development of the disease in relation to the violation of metabolic processes. As a general rule, most of patients is observed, the onset of hypothermia, which indicates a slowing down of metabolic processes. In addition to the violation of lipid metabolism indicates a high level of cholesterol in the blood, and the weakening of the immune system is confirmed a drop of vitamins (A, A), as well as the copper, iron and zinc, observed in 2/3 of all patients.

In any case, 4 is celebrated on the diabetes mellitus, indicates the violation of the metabolism of carbohydrates and the metabolic nature of the disease develop to confirm the malfunction of the thyroid, pancreas and sexual glands, in spite of the therapy.

ALLERGIC. The supporters of this theory believe that psoriatica events occur because of allergies. Confirmation of this is the fact that this disease, as well as the allergy, it does not refer to contagious, and it manifests itself strongly itchy rashes on the skin pokrov. This is because psoriasis often prescribed antihistamines. In addition to this, there is a similar symptoms in non-allergic and psoriatic arthritis.

HORMONE replacement. This hypothesis is related to hormonal disorders that occur in the body (during menopause, puberty, pregnancy, etc.). However, this trend did not become popular, as well as the majority of patients with psoriasis developed during hormonal "peace of mind".

INFECTIOUS. Such a theory, the risk of disease is one of the most common. When this reason, events psoriatica symptomatology bundle with different pathogens (spirochetes, streptococci, etc.). However, neither the microorganisms nor the fungi during the course of experiences that have not manifested themselves as of superior quality. Some scholars believe that the development of acute infectious disease can influence the course of dermatoses as a result of a weakening of the immune system protection (reversible and irreversible). However, despite numerous studies, the infectious disease theory has not been confirmed.

VIRAL. The viral nature of the onset of the disease has a large number of adherents. However, on the basis of investigations of the viral theory is not confirmed as the main, as it was never observed transmission of the disease from the sick to the healthy person, in spite of the fact that they were made hundreds of the blood transfusions to sick patients.

The triggers of the disease

As A result of numerous studies of the causes of psoriasis, doctors have discovered that there are more causing disease conditions. Causes psoriatica events can be both internal and external factors.

The most frequent causes triggering the disease:

  • the aggravation of the disease can cause acute and chronic infectious processes in the body (SARS, гаймориты, тонзиллиты, scarlet fever, sore throat, etc.), as well as the state after the vaccination. Usually, these diseases weaken the immune system, which leads to relapse of the disease;
  • 40% of patients the development of acute exacerbations lead to psychological and stress situations (different types of depression, crisis and personal life. Therefore, to reduce the symptoms acute often are assigned sedatives;
  • cause psoriasis can long-term treatment medications medications, especially antibiotics, and immunomodulators. These drugs are able to cause irregularities in the functioning of the immune system, in response to a stimulus;
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  • an important role in the development or aggravation of the disease play the bad habits (smoking, alcohol), and not the correct diet of the patient with the abuse of fats and carbohydrates, and fast;
  • the symptoms of psoriasis can be caused by exposure to chemicals for outdoor use (especially on the hands), which are often used in daily life, including tools of the parasites;
  • the aggravation of the disease may be in violation of the integrity of the skin as a result of a mechanical impact (wounds, burns, stings, bites, etc);
  • the relapse of psoriasis can lead to inflammatory processes on the skin, including fungal infections on the head, the development of dermatitis on the hands, etc. in Addition, the cause of psoriasis may be acute in the development of an allergic reaction.
  • Usually, the disease is acute as a result of trigger factors (single or complex), therefore, it is necessary to follow some rules to avoid the appearance of a dangerous situation.

Primary symptoms of psoriasis can appear at any age, but its development in children occur most serious consequences and complications. Adult psoriasis is dangerous, with serious concomitant diseases.

The causes of psoriasis in the pediatric age group

On the basis of the results of the study of the disease in the relatives of several generations, the conduct of research biochemistry in patients with related links, including in good health, has discovered that in the development of psoriasis in children play a CRITICAL ROLE GENETIC FACTOR of predisposition to the disease.

If one of parents is sick of psoriasis, then the probability of birthday for children with psoriasis is 25%. If they are sick both parents, the risk of having a child with the psoriasis is about 75%. Interesting is the fact that most often the psoriasis is transmitted by the maternal line. Hereditary psoriasis (family) for the observation of scientists is 15 to 47% of the cases of all the diseases the psoriasis in children. However, despite the in-depth study of the theory of genetic onset of the disease, its causes, of the child and the adult patient has not been fully clarified.

Children in preschool and school-age children the causes of psoriasis can be a strong psycho-emotional tension, nervousness, etc. a Certain regularity, thanks to which it would be possible to identify a cause of the disease psoriasis in adolescents and children, there is.

Many scientists and physicians tend to be multifactorial theory of the development of the disease, which unites over inheritance are still a number of other factors.

The symptoms of the disease

In psoriasis one observes an atypical reaction to any stimulus. For psoriasis is characterized by the appearance of itchy plaques of various sizes. In accordance with the skin cells mature over the course of 3 weeks, but with the psoriasis is dry after 5 days, which leads to severe itching, on the head or on the palms of the hands. To relieve acute symptoms, it is assigned an appropriate treatment.

To the more characteristic symptoms of psoriasis are:

  • the appearance of pink-red psoriatica of platelets with dried white chunks. As a general rule, the more often they are localized in the knee area, elbows, hands, and head (scalp);
  • in psoriasis nails observes dystrophy the nail plate in hand, the violation of the shapes and colours of nail art. In the case of a severe form of the possible development of dystrophic changes;
  • the itching and dandruff in the head (below the hairline);
  • cracking of the skin resulting in pus in psoriatic areas of the body;
  • sometimes it is possible to hyperthermia and the deterioration of the general state of the patient.

It is important to note that the symptomatology of acute at certain times of the year. There are 3 types of psoriasis depending on the seasons (winter, summer and permanent employment). Patients with years type of psoriasis stress the sudden aggravation, where you need more of a long-term treatment. The winter type is characterized by the fact that the symptoms of psoriasis is manifested weakly and assigned the most effective therapy. When an indeterminate type of psoriatica symptoms can occur at any time of the year and characterized by frequent relapses.

Therapeutic treatment of the disease

Despite the fact that the causes of psoriasis are not fully understood, to date, there are more effective methods which is conducive to achieving a prolonged remission:

  • we recommend cryotherapy (exposure to low temperatures), which helps in the most serious cases;
  • internal symptoms removable by means of plasmapheresis (filtration of the blood of the patient);
  • the neutralization of the symptoms of the disease are actively being held with the help of PUVA-therapy, and special iodine-bromine, радоновых and sulphide of vannes.

In addition, the positive effect observed in the treatment of salts and mud from the Dead sea, that neutralize the symptoms of psoriasis on the head.

Prevention of psoriasis

To prevent the occurrence of the disease is necessary to the respect of measures of prevention, include:

  • Warning trauma of the skin on the hands, head, face, etc.
  • You must not stay for a long time under the sun.
  • You need to get rid of bad habits.
  • It is necessary to control body weight, especially after a severe symptomatology.
  • You need to avoid stressful situations.
  • In psoriasis in head, we recommend the application of special medicinal products, shampoo and creams.
  • In all cases, it is necessary to adjust the observation of a dermatologist.
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Psoriasis is a multifactorial disease, and its causes are multiple, then a positive result can be achieved if you start early treatment with the respect of all the recommendations of a dermatologist. This approach is able to provide long-term remission and prevention of possible complications.

30.07.2018