Can form in only a few small platelets, which do not retard growth of the hair. The disease can develop at any age and is often hereditary.
If a person occurs psoriasis in head, this does not mean that he will not be dropping the hair. Scaly of education may not cause damage to the hair, as well as the hair roots are much deeper platelets. Scales of psoriasis are separated from one another. The skin between their healthy and is not subjected to shock. Contains a lot of sebum, form clots and well palpable on the head.
There are different development stages of psoriasis of the scalp:
Psoriasis occurs due to violations of the metabolic processes of the skin. Many experts believe that this is a multifactorial disease, and the causes of the development of psoriasis on the head of many: the violation of metabolic processes, endocrine diseases, crash of the immune system, education and the outbreak of inflammation in the body, infectious diseases, crash of the hormonal system, lesions of the skin of the head, diseases of the gastro-intestinal tract, adjust the stress and mental disorders, the hereditary factor.
In psoriasis the body properly reacts to external stimuli, therefore, occurs an increased cell division and rapid proliferation of the upper layer of the skin of the head. The immune system of the body perceives its own cells as foreign. The normal duration of the cell division cycle and of update is 25 days. In psoriasis, the process accelerated, and the duration of the cycle is 5 days.
For this reason, the old cells do not have time to retire, the new overlaid on the old, and form areas of inflammation, bumps, pinkish white nodules, covered with large epithelial cells. With the time merge and form large red spots. Formation on the scalp do not affect hair growth, and do not contribute to their loss. However, when their injuries occur, new lesions.
Most often, when psoriasis affects areas of the scalp:
The symptoms of psoriasis in the head depends on the form and stage of the disease, and are manifested at various levels. In the initial phase occurs a slight peeling of the skin on the individual areas. Often the psoriasis occurs on the nape of the neck. Then the skin flakes more strong, and you experience mild irritation and itching. By the time the itching becomes strong and patient painting the skin before the onset of cracking and bleeding. Can form sores, and abrasions on the skin.
In the next phase of psoriasis form large plaques of red, and irregularity. The skin becomes dry and inelastic, shrink and break easily. Platelets actively the flakes in the skin, which leads to the formation of grey scales, which can cover almost all of the skin under the hair. If the patient is not treated, the psoriasis spreads rapidly outside the area of growth of the hair and the rest of the head.
In children occurs redness of the scalp and diaper rash. They form platelets, which are difficult to treat. There is a strong itching, inflammation and pain. In some cases, the psoriasis can affect the covers the ears, but often suffers from the skin behind the ears and above them.
Treatment of psoriasis of the scalp is complete and includes numerous tools for internal and external use. During and after the treatment it is necessary to follow a strict diet for the disease has not progressed. The patient is assigned a sedative to relieve the stress, vitamins a, B1, B6, B12, for the reconstruction of the processes of the skin, strengthen the immune system. Widely apply to calcium supplements, folic acid, nicotinic acid, ATP, and other strengthening medicines for the immune system. For external use prescribed 1-2% salicylic ointment. Useful for the bathroom and wash the scalp with water with the addition of herbs, infusions of sage, chamomile, celandine, succession.
For the treatment of psoriasis in head is used medications that contain hormones corticosteroids. They are highly effective and help to achieve a rapid result, however, have a lot of side effects, therefore, are assigned in the case of severe stages of psoriasis. In case of severe form of psoriasis it is recommended that you make a short cut, so as often to apply ointments and creams, and the head to wash every day. You need to avoid complex hairstyles, and hairstyles, and less chance of escape from the hair with an elastic, bobby pins. It is not recommended the use of pins sharp, invisible, hair-curlers, ploek, as they can hurt the skin. The hair you can dry with a hair dryer in the energy savings mode, in order not to dry out the scalp.
An effective drug for the treatment of scalp psoriasis is a special solution. This solution, which is applied on the skin. At the beginning of the therapy, the skin is treated with a solution of 2 times a day: morning and evening. After the slow formation of plaques of solution can be applied 1 time per day, and then cut the procedure up to 3-4 times a week. You also apply lotions, gels and shampoos based on tar, zinc for the scalp and hair. Eliminate the inflammation, the symptoms of pain, promote relaxation and nutrition of the skin.
How to cure psoriasis in the head in other ways: ultraviolet irradiation, PUVA-therapy, hydrotherapy, exposure to hazardous radiation, hemosorption, plasmapheresis. They are effective in mud and salt baths, therapeutic, and prevention of, resorts on the Black sea to the Dead sea seas.
In psoriasis in the head is well proven treatment popular ways. It includes decoctions and tinctures of herbs, the treatment of the scalp with oils, masks for the head to the base of plants and oils, herbal shampoo, tar. The most effective folk remedies from psoriasis in the head:
Effective homemade remedy for scalp psoriasis is a compress of oils. After the mask, it is necessary to wash the head shampoo medicated. For a wrap to heat a mixture of vegetable oils, butter and olive oil. Lightly apply the oil on scalp, massage in and wear a shower cap, you can wrap a towel. The procedure best to do in the night, in the morning wash the head.
Treatment of psoriasis in head-to-house includes a series of recommendations for the care of the hair. During the washing and drying hair need to be careful not to damage the plate. You need to alternate between normal and shampoo, faster to restore the balance of the scalp. When dry the hair dryer, his need to maintain a distance of 30 cm from the head, and inserts and drills is better not to use. During the treatment, it is better not to use your curling iron and curlers for hair, as well as can fall into the hair. Except the head, there is a need to wash the skin behind the ears.
You must comply with the food health and eliminate the harmful products. Are excluded fat, fried, salted, smoked, salty, sweet, acute, preserves, fruit and vegetables of red color. They cause allergies and strengthen the process of inflammation.