Skin disease a large group of diseases, which, in addition to the direct negative effect on human health, affect his or her psychological state. Distinguishes between skin diseases is psoriasis, a chronic disease, the successful treatment of which remains a challenge for physicians and a necessary condition for a fulfilling life for patients.
Often the first lunch of the skin lesions of psoriasis, it becomes the hair of the scalp. In some cases the disease is limited to this sector, but more often, especially in the absence of treatment, the new plaques to appear on other parts of the body. The reasons for the psoriasis affects the scalp, consider the special structure of the epithelium in this area, and also the inevitable daily lesions of the skin in the combing process.
According to the statistics, the psoriasis develops in 1 in 100 people, but in different regions this indicator is different. About 80% of the patients we observe a defeat of the scalp, a quarter of them, the disease is limited only to this sector, and others - with time, it applies on the skin of the palms of the hands, the feet, the external surface of the joints, etc.
Psoriasis is not immune to no one, however, gained clinical experience allows the doctors to highlight risk groups. Thus, often the disease is observed in women, the initial phase of the disease is usually set in patients in 15-25 years. The risk of face psoriasis promoted people, parents, brothers or sisters suffering from this disease.
Psoriasis is a mysterious disease, to explain the emergence of which is not easy even modern scientists. Every year there are new theories on what becomes the cause of an inflammatory reaction and the excess synthesis of skin cells on the body of the patients. While it leads the hypothesis is genetic: according to her, some people have a predisposition innate to accelerate the renewal of keratinocytes, which, in the case of illness, causes a specific response of the immune system. The result is a vicious circle: the more produced new cells that form the plaques, the more inflamed the skin in this area (the body perceives it as something alien), and the more you damage the skin under the influence of the cells of immunity - the more active, share in keratinocytes.
In some cases, the pitcher of departure for the development of the disease becomes disease of the immune system, which in turn is the result of stress or have suffered from an infectious disease. Then, observed that among HIV psoriasis meets three times more often than the average of the population.
It is interesting In the middle Ages plate on the body of the sick is called the "rose of the devil". It was believed that these signs point to a curse and can be communicated to healthy people when you touch them. The tragedy was that until the NINETEENTH century doctors did not distinguish psoriasis, leprosy, scabies and other skin diseases, for which all, who suffered from chronic diseases of the skin diseases, cast out by society and were forced to wear white clothes that hide the body and the face, and the bells of warning surrounding the "infection risk".
Psoriasis of the scalp is also called seborrheic psoriasis, even if the time is right to hit other areas of the skin with high density of sebaceous glands — bte areas, folds, naso-labial, breast, and interblade field. The disease first manifests itself, usually, peeling, similar to dandruff. The appearance of plaques accompanied by itching and the skin in this area is covered with silvery scales. It is important in psoriasis — even when expressed inflammatory process does not occur loss of hair, which is the hallmark of this disease.
Psoriatica platelets have a tendency to grow and form larger education — doctors call it "liquid paraffin lakes". The skin under them easily traumatized and bleeds, therefore, the patients should, in spite of the severe itching, restrained by the desire to scratch the affected area.
In some types of psoriasis platelets have a reddish or even purple, while others are similar to bubbles with a transparent liquid. The disease is typically chronic progressive: the periods of exacerbation followed by periods of remission, when the symptoms are receding, but completely eliminate all the manifestations of the disease usually is not possible. In this case, depending on the individual characteristics of the patient, the psoriasis may represent a slight aesthetic defect is not accompanied by unpleasant sensations of heavy and tiring to the state of realization of the personal life, in work, and also limit the patient in self-care.
Outstanding british politician Winston Churchill, who has suffered from psoriasis, a time has promised to put a monument of pure gold, man, that will find a cure for this disease. Alas, it is still a reliable way to once and for all cope with this loss, the skin has not been found. But this does not mean that there is no cure, the medicine offers a wide range of tools that can help you relieve the symptoms of psoriasis and improve the quality of life of the patient, by extending the rest periods are of the skin without sudden relapses and recurrences.
Treatment of psoriasis of the scalp has features — in this form of outward signs of the disease are more visible to others (they can not hide under the clothes), for which the patients experience expressed psychological distress and seek by every means to free themselves from the platelets. Also, for seborrheic psoriasis is characterized by the expressed itch, therefore, patients often require symptomatic therapy, aimed at relief from the pain of the affected area.
The drugs are designed to apply directly to the affected area for psoriasis, are individually selected. The patient should be prepared for the fact that the first instrument assigned to a doctor, it will prove ineffective — it requires time to choose the combination of effective medicines.
Based medicines steroid hormones are able to quickly remove the inflammation and the itching. Unlike systemic steroids (applied in the form of tablets or injections in severe forms of psoriasis), such as ointments and creams do not have pronounced side effects on the body. However, their regular use can adversely affect the health of the skin — in the area of application, it often fades away, it becomes thin and vulnerable to the accession of secondary infection, which makes it difficult to treat. With the extended use of topical (local) and steroids can cause the syndrome — when after the removal of the aggravation and suspension of the medication the disease is back with a new strength and even more obvious the symptoms. That's why there is a series of restrictions for the use of the tools at the disposal of the steroids. They may not be:
It is important, for the use of ointments, creams and shampoos on the basis of glucocorticosteroids product only after consulting your doctor.
Improve the condition of the scalp to the psoriasis can't use hormonal drugs. Based on creams, ointments and shampoos of this group of active substances, which have anti-inflammatory properties, vasoconstrictors, moisturizing and soothing: zinc pyrithione, coal tar, salicylic acid, kertiol and others. Their useful application, regardless of the stage of the disease — reduce the formation of plaques, scaling, itching and the inflammatory response.
The degree of effectiveness and security non-hormonal creams and ointments depends on the basis of the active substance. So, based medicines zinc can be used without limits on frequency of use, while the tar funds dry out the skin, so it is preferable to use 1-2 times a week in combination with emulsions with moisturizing.
Patients, for a long time suffer from psoriasis, often turn to cosmetic products aimed at improving the appearance of the scalp, but do not have a curative effect. These are all the types of shampoos and oils, to relieve irritation, soften the skin and make the peeling of platelets were less pronounced. To evaluate the real effectiveness of such tools is not possible — especially when they are used in combination with the treatment assigned by your doctor.
Some medications for psoriasis of the scalp, are not able to change the course of the disease, however, greatly facilitate the patient's condition. Since the factors that affect the activity of the pathological process, very, is important to take care of the health of the patient in general, but also struggle with the consequences of the disease (for example, an infection of the affected skin or pharmacological lesions of the liver).
The uv exposure reduces the symptoms of psoriasis of the scalp many patients, therefore, physiotherapy is based on the use of artificial light, is an extremely popular method of treatment of this pathology.
When the phototherapy with ultraviolet light of the spectrum (UVB) applies light with a wavelength visible by the human eye. Each session lasts a couple of minutes, and the complete treatment lasts 6-8 weeks.
PUVA therapy involves the combination of light therapy with the application on the skin of photosensitising substances. The patient receives medications in the form of pills or creams, and then comes to the sessions of irradiation with ultraviolet light of the spectrum of A. This method is also effective in severe forms of psoriasis, but in the long term, can increase the risk of a patient of cancer of the skin.
The use of environmental factors — another important approach to the treatment of psoriasis. The stay at the resort with special weather conditions (coast of the Dead sea, Caucasian mineral water, etc.) favours the lengthening of the periods of remission and relieve symptoms. Many people emphasize the effect of the use of the mud baths with a decoction made of herbs, application of bee products (apitherapy) and application naphthalene oil and other rare chemical composition, with proven effectiveness in complex therapy of diseases of the skin.
However, a number of recommendations is not there — the success of the application of these methodologies depends on the individual patient.
Change your diet (and rejection of the products, causing a worsening of psoriasis), the rejection of the consumption of alcohol, regular physical education classes and psychotherapy, aimed at the reduction of levels of anxiety, help patients with seborrheic psoriasis. Some patients say that a healthy lifestyle helps not only to reduce manifestations of the disease, but also a general improvement of well-being, eliminating triggers other pathological conditions. In this regard, it is important to follow the recommendations of the attending physician, and with a healthy criticism to refer to promote the complete refusal of treatment in favor of unconventional methods.
Patients with psoriasis often fall into depression from the awareness that this disease, appearing once, it will remain with them for life. However, a positive attitude and the active position vis-à-vis new approaches to therapy contribute to the return of high quality of life, and minimize the annoying symptoms of the disease. It is not necessary to put up with the psoriasis is only a problem, that has a variety of solutions. Do not let the disease ruin your life.
Without a doubt, finally curing psoriasis is not impossible, but it is possible to reduce the frequency and duration of exacerbations, if properly and, above all, in the time of starting treatment — already on the first sign. When this will be better to choose the medications, the efficacy and safety of which the validity has been confirmed by clinical studies.